What is Abhyanga?
Abhynga is type of oleation therapy used in Ayurveda.Abhyanga can be defined as the procedure of application of Sneha Dravya/medicine over the body with mild pressure.The word abhyanga is derived from terms “abhi” and “anga”. Thus it is a treatment comprised of Taila/ ghritha/ vasa etc, are rubbed over the body in directions comfortable to the patient.It improves strength and alleviate Vata.It is a type of bahya Sneha. It can be performed as therapeutic procedure as well as preventive procedure. Abhyanga can be done as part of the steps of panchakarma therapy, especially in the first stage: Purva Karma (pre-treatment), or as its own therapy.
Abhyanga is often followed by swedana therapy, a warm bath, yoga or laying out in the sun. Many times abhyanga is performed by two or more massage therapists working in sync but it can also be done by oneself. Oils used can vary depending on the season and the individuals constitution (dosha) It is mainly used an Vata aggravated diseases because oil has the effect reducing vata.In Ayurveda it also mentioned as a daily regimen.In Kerala it is largely used as therapeutic as well rejuvenation and also as seasonal therapy.